The NAACP Legal Department maintains an active docket of Civil Rights cases, frequently in conjunction with a team of cooperating lawyers around the nation who work daily in the courts alongside the Legal Department to address Civil Rights violations and forge the way in the fight to prevent the erosion of Civil Rights law in this country.
While the NAACP does seek monetary relief in these cases, the primary focus of the NAACP's Legal Program is to obtain injunctive relief in these cases to halt the perpetuation of the harm. The NAACP may become involved in civil rights litigation in one of two ways:
- The NAACP may file a lawsuit against a person or entity as an organizational Plaintiff to redress a civil rights violation; or
- The NAACP Legal Department may represent a individual or class of individual Plaintiffs in a civil rights lawsuit seeking redress for the Plaintiff or class of Plaintiffs who suffered a civil rights violation
Below is a list of selected NAACP Civil Rights cases for the last two years:
NAACP v. City of Kyle, Texas (2009)
United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, Case Nos. 09-50352 and 09-50505 (Dowload the .pdf of the brief).
NAACP v. City of Kyle (Zoning Restrictions case): The NAACP and its Texas State Conference challenged discriminatory zoning regulations in the City of Kyle, Texas. The plaintiffs have filed their appellate brief in this matter.
Kelvis Rhodes v. Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc; NAACP v. Cracker Barrel Old County Store, Inc; McDermott and Gentry v. Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc.
Case against Cracker Barrel on behalf of individual plaintiffs.
NAACP v. Waffle House, Inc
Allegations of public accommodation discrimination against African American restaurant guests by Waffle House in Alabama, Georgia and North Carolina.
NAACP v. A.A. Arms and NAACP v. Accusport
Challenging gun manufacturers and distributors, for their negligent production, distribution, and marketing of handguns.
NAACP, by its Omaha Branch, and on behalf of its individual members v. Heineman
Challenging action by the State of Nebraska that will serve to create three racially distinct school districts in Omaha.
Avila v. Berkeley Unified School District
Challenging the School District's use of race as a factor in making school assignments.
State of Connecticut v. Spellings, Secretary of Department of Education
The State of Connecticut sued the U.S. Department of Education on grounds that the "No Child Left Behind Law" (NCLB) is an unfunded mandate.
Metts v. Irons
Challenging a state redistricting plan had the effect of denying black voters equal opportunity.
Fair Housing in Huntington Comm. v. Huntington
Allegations that Huntington's continued conduct violates the Equal Protection clause of the Constitution and several civil rights statutes.
Prairie View Chapter of NAACP v. Kitzman; Prairie View Chapter of NAACP v. Waller County, Texas
Ruling to continue early voting time at Prairie View A&M University in Waller County, Texas.
NAACP by its Omaha Branch, and on behalf of its individual members v. HEINEMAN
Challenge action by the State of Nebraska that will serve to create three racially distinct school districts in Omaha.
Hollman v. Cisneros
Allegations of the perpetuation of de jure racial segregation in low-income housing.
NAACP v. City of Kyle, Texas
Challenging certain municipal zoning ordinances enacted by the City of Kyle.
Cleveland Branch of the NAACP v. Parma
Challenging discriminatory hiring practices in the City of Parma.
NAACP v. City of Thomasville
Seeking to keep in place a 1987 consent judgment requiring the use of some single-member districts.
Thomas County Branch of the NAACP v. City of Thomasville School District
Action was brought in an attempt to end alleged racial segregation on behalf of all similarly situated students of African-American descent.
Florida State Conference of Branches, NAACP v. State of Florida Department of Corrections
Four separate and consolidated cases against the Florida Department of Corrections
Springfield Branch, NAACP v. City of Springfield Illinois
Attempt to resolve differences about the validity of the physical ability examination for fire fighters
NAACP v. St. Landry Parish
Challenging the redistricting plans of the St. Landry Parish School Board and Council because they violated Section 2 of the 1965 Voting Rights Act by diluting the voting strength of black voters in St. Landry Parrish.
Common Cause v. Billups
Challenging Act 53 on the ground that it imposes an unauthorized and undue burden on the right to vote of Georgia voters.
Goodwine v. Taft
A school desegregation lawsuit was filed by the Dayton NAACP and individual plaintiffs against the Dayton, Ohio school district and the State of Ohio
Aziz v. City of Ft. Myers
A group of Ft. Myers' citizens called the Citizens for a Better Fort Myers Pac have proposed to modify the City Charter.
NAACP v. Florida Board of Regents
NAACP's appeal of the governor's unilateral mandate to exclude racial considerations in the college admissions process.
Bush v Holmes
Challenging the constitutionality of statute establishing opportunity scholarship program (OSP).
Metts v. Irons
Voting Rights Act violations in a redistricting plan that eliminated long-standing cross-racial alliances.
Owens v. Colo. Cong. of Parents
Challenging that the Colorado Opportunity Contract Pilot Program is unconstitutional.
Operation Bike Week Justice
In March 2006, the NAACP concluded a series of settlements of discrimination lawsuits that grew out of complaints by African American tourists who attended Black Bike Week festivities between 1999 and 2003.
NAACP v. City of Reading (2006)
Charging the Reading, Pennsylvania Fire Department with implementing discriminatory recruitment and hiring practices against African Americans and other minorities.
Amos v. GEICO (2006)
Alleging GEICO discriminates against African Americans through its process of establishing auto insurance premiums for its customers.
Connecticut v. Spellings, Secretary, United States Department of Education (2006)
Challenging certain provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act.